Being a kid can be scary. An overactive imagination paired with a still-developing worldview leads many children to vividly perceived threats both real and imagined. While adults may dismiss concerns about monsters under the bed as irrational, these fears feel very real and intense to young minds. Some childhood fears even cross the line into phobias requiring professional help and child phobia therapy. But the good folk at New Jersey-based Aspire Psychological say that by understanding the fears children face as part of growth, we can gently empower them with courage.
Why Fear Is Part of Growing Up
Fears are a normal part of childhood emotional, cognitive, and social development. As their reasoning abilities expand, children lack full capacity to categorize experiences and determine actual versus imagined threats. Fears often center around unfamiliar situations, animals, injury, darkness, social rejection, or supernatural phenomena. Studies suggest most childhood fears peak between ages 5-9, then decline as logical thinking skills advance. Through accumulated experience and gentle coaching from caring adults, children build resilience against exaggerated anxiety.
When Fears Become Phobias
For some children, specific fears persist at severe levels that significantly disrupt sleep, school attendance, social interactions, and home life. These cases may require evaluation and targeted treatment from a professional child psychologist. Some common childhood phobias include:
- Extreme separation anxiety and distress when away from parents.
- Debilitating phobias of spiders, snakes, bugs, or other specific stimuli.
- Refusing to sleep alone or intense fear of the dark (nyctophobia).
- Avoiding social situations due to rejection dread.
- Panic brought on by loud noises like thunder (phonophobia).
- Paralyzing fear around water, storms, heights, or other natural elements.
Via counseling techniques like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), child psychologists can uncover the root triggers behind phobias and gradually decrease reaction intensity through safe exposure. Simply acknowledging fears compassionately rather than dismissing them initiates healing.
The Gift of Courage
Children look to the adults around them to model reactions and coping strategies for dealing with scary situations. As caregivers, the greatest gift we can give kids is demonstrating courage ourselves. What may seem like small acts of bravery to us signal strength and resilience in tender eyes. Ways to lead by empowering example include:
- Exuding confidence and capability handling difficult situations.
- Remaining calm and comforting when real threats do arise.
- Taking children’s’ fears seriously rather than shaming or criticizing.
- Admitting your own fears and discussing how you positively move through them.
- Praising children when they take steps to deal with anxiety on their own.
Beyond modeling, many techniques create safe spaces for children to build courage muscle around even unrealistic fears. Useful approaches involve:
- Respecting emotions without judgment or dismissal.
- Gradually allowing exposure to feared situations, people, or things only at the child’s pace.
- Reading books depicting characters overcoming similar issues.
- Watching movies portraying children finding courage and resilience.
- Using comforting nightlights, monster spray bottles or security objects.
- Building confidence step-by-step through progressive responsibility.
With understanding and support, the path through anxiety can strengthen children for future adversity.
Like mighty oak trees, courageous kids grow taller yet more flexible when it comes to facing life’s tribulations. Moving through fears awakens resilience that serves them lifelong. While professional counseling is sometimes necessary, gentle guidance can transform even exaggerated childhood anxieties into empowering growth opportunities.
With compassion and belief in their inner strength, children summon their inner hero. Like mastering any skill, courage builds slowly through small acts of bravery and support from caring mentors. The journey to dissolve darkness with light, while unique for each child, unlocks daring confidence waiting to sprout wings. With an infusion of love tenderness, fears transition to show children their own potential magnificence.